Dyslexia and Chinese


Dyslexia affects the learning of all languages. Simply put, dyslexia affects how your child processes the sound of the language. Besides difficulties in reading and writing in the language, very often, your child's processing skills are also affected. The learning of Chinese can also be more challenging for your child because of the way Chinese characters are written.



Common difficulties


1. Limited vocabulary


2. Wrong association of words


3. Poor retention of learning


4. Poor understanding of radical positions


5. Easily confused with visually, phonetically or semantically-similar characters;

易混淆字形、字音相近或字义相连的汉字, 如:午/牛;因/阴;校/

6. Untidinessincorrect strokes order, out of proportion

书写时 字体东歪西倒,笔顺错误,大小比例不均

7. Laborious writing


8. Adds or omits strokes

增删笔画,例如:大 vs 太、本 vs

9. Inversion

部首左右或上下倒转 ,例如:唱/“昌口”


Orton-Gillingham Approach and Chinese Teaching


Diagnostic-Prescriptive: Before your child starts intervention with us, there is profiling for us to get to know your child better. This allows your child to be in a class that is suited for him/her. Informal tests are also done in the classroom for us to know how much your child knows or has learnt and what to teach next.


Language-based: Your child will learn language rules. These language rules help them to read and write in Chinese.


Cognitive: Your child is taught to think about his/her learning, understand the reasons behind them and how to use the strategies to help them develop their skills in reading, spelling and writing.


Emotionally Sound: Learning is pegged at the level of your child's ability with a reasonable level of challenge


Simultaneously Multi-sensory: We use a mix of the learning pathways: seeing, hearing, feeling and awareness of motion to help your child understand what is to be learnt with greater ease and success.


Structured, sequential and cumulative: Reviews help your child to better retain what they have learnt. New skills are taught in bite-sizes with easy-to-follow instructions. The teaching of higher-order language skills of reading comprehension and writing starts with simpler skills such as speaking and listening.

有结构、按部就班、循序渐进的方式 :复习活动能帮助您的孩子更好地存储已学过的知识。新技能的教学会以小板块的形式,以及简单易懂的指示语来进行。教学也会先从更简单的技能开始,例如口语和听力技能,循序渐进地教阅读理解及写作技能

Chinese Teaching Methodology 

Riding on the teaching methodology of the successful evidence-based Chinese programme at DAS, every stage of learning of our One-to-One tutoring ensures that the child follows a structured literacy intervention that fosters a love for learning and equips students with strategies to learn independently facilitated by parents outside of the classroom.





To motivate children to learn, we will build their interest first. We set up a safe and friendly learning environment, to encourage students to use the language as much as they can. To make Chinese more interesting and useful, our lesson plans are full of activities and games, we also choose thematic-based topics which are closer to their daily life



Content covered


We adopt a thematic-based approach and focus on word recognition strategies to help students over their challenges when learning Chinese characters.


Depending on the ability of your child, we may cover the following components in the classroom:


  • Oracy skills: Listening and Speaking 听说能力
  • Thematic Vocabulary 主题式词语
  • Sentence Structure 句型
  • Word Recognition Skills 识字法
  • Reading comprehension 阅读理解
  • Writing 写作
  • Examination skills 应考技巧

Resources Used


DAS International has a team of specialist tutors who have extensive experience in supporting students with specific learning differences and other learning needs. Our tutors are experienced in the International as well as the Ministry of Education (MOE) systems, they have an understanding of the curriculum and the demands that today's education systems place on your child.

To see our Specialist Teachers, please click here